Java, Web Development

Java vs JavaScript: Which Is A Better Choice in 2023

Rushik Shah User Icon By: Rushik Shah

“Java vs JavaScript” If you’re a business owner dealing with the conundrum of choosing between these two popular technologies for your website or app development, you know it’s not a trivial decision. Picking the wrong one can lead to wasted time, lost money, and unfulfilled potential.


Java vs JavaScript: Which Is A Better Choice in 2023

Java vs JavaScript in 2023 The Essential Choice for Your Business Tech Stack

Here Are The Ways This Problem Could Manifest In Your Daily Operations:


  • Project delays due to language limitations.
  • Extra costs from hiring specialists or investing in additional tools.
  • Decreased performance or user experience on your app or website.
  • Difficulty in maintaining or updating your product.
  • Compatibility issues with other technologies in your stack.
  • Limited scope for future expansion or adaptability.
  • Compromised security, making your system vulnerable to attacks.
  • Problems attracting or retaining top-tier developers due to outdated or unpopular technology.
  • Hindered innovation due to technology constraints.
  • Dissatisfied customers due to technical issues or lack of features.
  • It might seem that the main problem is simply choosing the ‘wrong’ language. 


But, The Real Root Cause Is Often Deeper:


  • A lack of understanding about the strengths and weaknesses of each language.
  • Misconceptions about the application and potential of both Java and JavaScript.
  • Lack of clarity about your specific project requirements.
  • Inadequate insights into the future trends and market relevance of each language.
  • Not considering your team’s skills and experience.
  • Neglecting to take into account the scalability needs of your project.
  • Failing to consider compatibility with existing or future technologies.
  • Overlooking security implications.
  • Disregarding the community and support available for each language.
  • Overemphasis on cost or speed of development.

Common solutions to this problem often fail because they address symptoms, not the real causes. For instance, simply choosing the most popular or cheapest option can overlook crucial factors like scalability, compatibility, or security.

The solution is to consider each language in-depth and evaluate them against your specific needs and context. Here’s how you can do it:

Understand each language: Get a grasp on Java and JavaScript, their key features, strengths, and weaknesses.


Java Overview

Java Overview

Originally developed by Sun Microsystems, Java is a class-based, object-oriented programming language known for its “write once, run anywhere” capabilities. It’s used extensively for building enterprise-scale applications.

Important Features of Java

Robust and Secure: Java provides numerous features to ensure safe and reliable code.

Platform-independent: Java’s bytecode can run on any platform that has a Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

Object-Oriented: Allows for cleaner design and easier maintenance.


JavaScript Overview

JavaScript Overview

JavaScript is a dynamic, high-level language, primarily used for enhancing interactivity and providing rich user interfaces on web pages.

Essential Features Of JavaScript

Interactivity: Allows interaction with the user in real time.

Versatility: Can be used both on the client side and server side.

Dynamic: Code can be altered and executed without needing to update the whole page.

Evaluate market relevance: Examine the market growth and usage of both languages.


Java vs JavaScript: In Market Growth Of Both Programming Languages

As per the 2023 developer survey, JavaScript retains its crown as the most commonly used language, while Java holds a significant portion of the market, especially in enterprise-level applications.


Worldwide Most Used Popular Programming Languages Among Developers (2023)

Graph of Most Used Popular Programming Languages Among Developers

                                         Image Source: Statista


JavaScript, Java, Python, C#, and PHP are the top 5 languages worldwide.

Usage of Both Languages In Website Development

JavaScript dominates web development, while Java is typically used for building large-scale enterprise applications.

# Usage of Both Languages In Website Development

Graph Showing the usage of Java and JavaScript in website development.

                                                          Image Source: w3techs

# Big Brands Using Java


Brands using Java like Uber, Airbnb, LinkedIn, Flipkart, Zomato etc.

Companies like Uber, Airbnb, LinkedIn, Mastercard, Visa, Vodafone, Snapdeal, Zomato, Flipkart, and Intel rely on Java.


# Big Brands Using JavaScript (JS)


Big Brands using JavaScript like Netflix, Google, Microsoft, Reddit, Spotify etc.

JavaScript is used by Facebook, Netflix, Google, Microsoft, Dropbox, Salesforce, Adobe, Spotify, Reddit, and Zoom.

Compare Java and JavaScript, considering your specific requirements.


Similarities Between Java and JavaScript

Despite the name, the two languages have different purposes but can run in a web browser and have syntax based on C language.

Java VS JavaScript: Which One To Pick For Web App Development?

Depends on your specific needs. Java is better for large, complex applications, while JavaScript is ideal for web-based, interactive apps.


JavaScript vs Java: Comparison Table

Java JavaScript
Typing Statically typed Dynamically typed
Compilation Compiled Interpreted
Programming Paradigm Object-oriented Event-driven
Best Use Large-scale applications Interactive websites


By applying this methodology, you can choose the best fit for your business, setting yourself up for success. Remember, it’s not about which language is ‘better’ in general; it’s about which is better for your specific project.

For cutting-edge JavaScript or Java software solutions, consider employing JavaScript or Java developers from industry-leading IT firms such as Alakmalak Technologies.


What’s Next ?

I know after reading such an interesting article you will be waiting for more. Here are the best opportunities waiting for you.